Quiz: Body Systems and Function

Quiz 7 Body Systems and Function

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Question 1
Which of the following systems is responsible for removing toxic wastes from the body?
A
Immune/Lymphatic System
B
Respiratory System
C
Circulatory System
D
Excretory
Question 1 Explanation: 
The excretory system is a biological system that removes metabolic wastes from the body.
Question 2
True or false, the Kidney is not a part of the excretory system?
A
True
B
False
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Kidney is part of the excretory system. It is responsible for removing waste such as urea, excess salt and water from the blood.
Question 3
Which of the following is not a part of the respiratory system?
A
Bile
B
Nose
C
Diaphragm
D
Both A and C
Question 3 Explanation: 
The bile is an alkaline digestive fluid produced by the liver that helps in the digestion of lipids in the small intestine.
Question 4
T-cells and B-cells are disease fighting cells that belongs to which system?
A
Circulatory System
B
Immune/Lymphatic
C
Endocrine System
D
None of the above
Question 4 Explanation: 
T-cells and B-cells are the two primary cells types of the immune system that are used to combat all foreign agents that enters the body. T-cells (Thymus cells) are produced by the thymus gland and B-cells (Bone cells) are produced by the bone.
Question 5
Which of the following systems is responsible for reporting information such as pain, fatigue and discomfort to the brain?
A
Skeletal System
B
Excretory System
C
Meridian System
D
intergumatory System
Question 5 Explanation: 
The Meridian system is composed of messenger cells that are responsible for alerting the brain of the body’s condition.
Question 6
Oxygen is transported throughout the body by way of which of the following system?
A
Endocrine System
B
Reproductive System
C
Circulatory System
D
Digestive System
Question 6 Explanation: 
The Circulatory system consist of veins, arteries and capillaries that are responsible for transporting blood which contains oxygen throughout the body.
Question 7
_______ is primarily responsible for the secretion of hormones into the bloodstream.
A
Endocrine System
B
Immune System
C
Digestive System
D
Central Nervous System
Question 7 Explanation: 
The secretion of hormones in the bloodstream is for our physiological and behavioral activities.
Question 8
The human brain is a part of what system?
A
Immune System
B
Central Nervous System
C
Circulatory System
D
Muscular System
Question 9
True or false, the spinal card is not a part of the central nervous system?
A
True
B
False
Question 9 Explanation: 
All information has to travel through the spinal card before entering the brain. This is known as the Neurological Information Highway. The spinal card is an extension of the brain.
Question 10
______ is the part of the brain that connects it to the spinal card.
A
Cerebrum
B
Cerebellum
C
Medulla Oblongata
D
Frontal Cortex
Question 10 Explanation: 
The medulla oblongata controls involuntary or autonomic functions such as heart function, breathing, digestion, swallowing and sneezing.
Question 11
Skin, hair and nails are a part of which body system?
A
Skeletal System
B
Meridian System
C
Integumentary System
D
Circulatory System
Question 11 Explanation: 
The integumentary system consists of the skin, hair, nails, glands, and nerves. Their function includes retaining body fluids, regulating body temperature, protecting the body from potential threats and getting rid of waste.
Question 12
Damage to the respiratory system will most likely cause what type of problem in the human body?
A
Breathing
B
Numbness
C
Constipation
D
Acid Reflux
Question 12 Explanation: 
The respiratory system is the primary system that allows us to breathe by supplying oxygen throughout our body by way of the blood.
Question 13
How does the respiratory system transport oxygen throughout the body?
A
By Breathing
B
By exhaling
C
Both A and B
D
None of the above
Question 13 Explanation: 
When someone inhales they are taking in oxygen into their body which gets deposited into the bloodstream.
Question 14
Which of the following is not a part of the excretory system?
A
Skin
B
Kidneys
C
Stomach
D
Liver
Question 14 Explanation: 
The stomach is a part of the digestive system, it is responsible for the breaking down of solid foods.
Question 15
What is another name for the Trachea?
A
Varynx
B
Lung Cavity
C
Windpipe
D
All of the above
Question 15 Explanation: 
The trachea runs down the center of the front part of the neck then is separated into two branches that enters the lungs. The trachea is responsible for bringing oxygen into the lungs.
Question 16
Which biological system does our bones belong to?
A
Does not belong to a particular system
B
Integumentary System
C
Skeletal System
D
None of the above
Question 16 Explanation: 
Bones and joints belongs to the skeletal system which serves the purpose sculpting the general shape and posture of our body. It is also responsible for protecting soft tissues inside of our body.
Question 17
_______ is primarily responsible for the secretion of hormones into the bloodstream.
A
Central Nervous System and Digestive System
B
Immune System and Circulatory System
C
Skeletal System
D
Endocrine System
Question 17 Explanation: 
The blood cells that the immune system uses to combat germs, viruses and diseases is a part of the circulatory system.
Question 18
______ is a part of the human reproductive system.
A
Testes
B
Prostate
C
Ovaries
D
All of the above
Question 18 Explanation: 
The primary function of the testes is to produce sperm, the ovaries produces eggs and the prostate produces the liquid that transports the sperm.
Question 19
True or false, responses from the endocrine system are much quicker than the nervous system?
A
True
B
False
Question 19 Explanation: 
Both the endocrine system and nervous system functions by sending out signals throughout the body similarly except that the signals from the nervous system are adapted much quicker. For the endocrine system it can take up to few hours or even few weeks while the nervous system’s response is immediate.
Question 20
Which word is most closely associated with the function of the muscular system?
A
Disease
B
Movement
C
Vision
D
Taste
Question 20 Explanation: 
The muscular system is responsible for movement in the human body. Organs such as the heart, stomach and lungs all use muscles to execute their functions.
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